Orthodontics

Orthodontics

Orthodontics objective is the diagnosis and correction of dento-maxillary abnormalities, by this contributing to a harmonious dento-facial appearance. 

According with actual statistics, around 90% from total population presents different dento-maxillary abnormalities (malocclusions). The good news is that, now, orthodontic treatment can be recommended to patients of all ages.

Orthodontic treatment indications:

1. functional disorders: orthodontic treatment is correcting the dental positions and can influence the maxillary bone growth in order to maximize the important dento-maxillary functions (chewing, breathing, phonation). A correct dental occlusion (“healthy bite”) is the premise for a long term oral health.

2. physiognomic disorders: orthodontic treatment enables a perfect teeth aligning and finally a dento-facial harmony that will improve the patient’s image and self esteem

Depending on the dental or skeletal abnormally type, the majority of orthodontic treatments for children start the age of 9-10. There certain situations when treatment should be instituted earlier.

Due to the fact that orthodontic treatment can be performed in principle at any age, many adults are finally deciding also for the correction of the eventual teeth position abnormalities. There are now practically “invisible” treatment modalities (Invisalign, Incognito). The actual orthodontic treatment lasts in average between 2 to 3 years, followed by another 2 years of result stabilization in which time the patient is periodically monitored by your doctor.

 If, for children, the serious abnormalities, such as jaw position, can be corrected almost exclusively by orthodontic treatment, for adults it is often required a combined inter-disciplinary treatment, both surgical and orthodontic.

The orthodontic treatment’s length of period varies according with the patient’s age, the treatment’s amplitude and the way the treatment plan is followed. The orthodontist will recommend the treatment type according with each individual case.

Orthodontic manoeuvres performed in our clinic:

  • Dento-maxillary abnormalities prophylaxis and treatment
  • Children and teens orthodontic treatment
  • Adult orthodontic treatment, inclusive of pre-prosthetic and pre-implantology treatment

Dento-maxillary abnormalities prophylaxis and treatment

  • Prophylactic treatment in temporary dentition intends to prevent the installation of future abnormalities in permanent dentition. Dental and maxillary abnormalities (such as cross bite, open bite, distalised bite or progeny) are often a consequence of early temporary tooth loss or vicious habits (ex: tooth sucking). A small part of these abnormalities is genetically determined. Early establishment of some relatively simple measures can prevent the installation of further / late damages
  • Early loss of the temporary teeth located in the support area, can be compensated by the execution of some space maintainers which will permit the normal alignment of permanent teeth
  • The vestibular shield can inhibit the finger sucking habit or the lingual dysfunction,  preventing  by this the installation of future distalised or open occlusion (bite).

Children and teens orthodontic treatment

  • Early establishment of orthodontic treatment for children is required in progeny cases. Thus, during the child growing period, wearing a Type III orthodontic device can stimulate the maxillary development and inhibit the mandible one.
  • In mixed dentition (between the ages of 9 to 12), taking the advantage of the growing period, orthodontic treatment can be established in case of functional disorders and formed abnormalities, by this correcting skeletal and functional abnormalities.
  • In retruded mandible case (distalised occlusion) functional devices treatment (activators) or double plate can be applied
  • In teens permanent dentition case, and also for adults, teeth alignment is done with orthodontic fixed devices.

Adult orthodontic treatment, inclusive of pre-prosthetic and pre-implantology treatment

Orthodontic tooth movement is possible, in principle, at any age. Due to continuous development / improvement of “brackets” systems and of improved alloys that springs are made from, teeth alignment became more comfortable for the patient, and nearly painless.

Orthodontic treatment indications for adults:

  • Front dental crowdedness: the improvement of sanitation possibility, of aesthetics and also of life duration for the tooth on the dental arch
  • Pre-prosthetics orthodontics: to correct the dental position for realising a further dental prosthetic device (ex: the position recovery of tilted teeth)
  • Pre-implatology orthodontics: dental displacing to improve conditions for further implantation
  • Teeth rectification after periodontal therapy
  • Surgical and orthodontic combined treatment for severe skeletal abnormalities
  • The use of orthodontic implants: the intrusion of extruded teeth